EDUCATION PACK

SCHOOL OF KNOWLEDGE

SREBRENICA MAPPING GENOCIDE
AND POST-GENOCIDE SOCIETY



PRODUCED BY:

© July 2015

INTRODUCTION


The School of Knowledge is seeking a transformation of education about the war, genocide and urban / civic / cultural resistance into a universal educational model through a unique platform for knowledge transfer. A methodology that detects "early warning signs" which break through the "information noise" to train individuals and equip society with the means to prevent the escalation of future/potential conflicts over the point of no return.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is still, like the entire region which includes the former Yugoslav countries, even 20 years after the war (1992-95) suffering from its consequences, while the everyday life of all former republics is marked by the problems of overcoming the past that are reflected in the issues of justice, remembrance, denial and reconciliation.

* * *

For decades a war of interpretation has been waged in this region. In the case of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with numerous special interests, it is easy to overlook the simplicity of the truth - which is clear when you consider only the facts.

As our contribution to determining the facts, as opposed to the existing political manipulation of history in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region, we are presenting the project/education pack “School of Knowledge: Srebrenica - Mapping Genocide and the Post-Genocide Society”. The education pack was prepared in several formats, taking into consideration  various possibilities of presenting the lectures and their aim, and bearing in mind different target groups (students, Internet users, organizations, educational institutions, libraries, thematic conferences).

EDUCATION PACK

SCHOOL OF KNOWLEDGE

SREBRENICA MAPPING GENOCIDE

VIDEO: DOCUMENTARY ANIMATION - RECONSTRUCTION [38min]



The video Documentary Animation, 38 minutes in length, is the fundamental
item for mapping the genocide from early July 1995 to 19 July 1995.

REVISION OF HISTORY
AND DENIAL

History lies in a two-sided paradox. On the one hand, we identify a conscious destruction of history’s great moral issues, resulting in an intellectual irrelevance of the historian himself, who becomes unable not only of thinking about society, but also of his own scholarship. On the other hand, new readings of history led by aggressive overzealous historians reduced history to a nihilistic category in which nothing of what happened actually happened, and everything we used to know we no longer do. The result is that generations of schoolchildren are being poisoned by a subject called history. Textbooks and different history books did whatever they could to legitimize irrational acts, hatred, revenge, violence, power and the sense of superiority in relation to the past.
- Dr Branka Prpa, Historian

VIDEO LECTURE:
'Revision of history and denial' - Dr Branka Prpa, historian

EDUCATION PACK

SCHOOL OF KNOWLEDGE

SREBRENICA MAPPING GENOCIDE
AND POST-GENOCIDE SOCIETY

VIDEO: LECTURE [60min]



A 60-minute video lecture consisting of two parts: mapping genocide and the post-genocide society.
The lecture is based on the platform of the Documentary Animation and parts of the Public Lecture held on May 28, 2015
in Sarajevo. The lectures examined 12 aspects of genocide and post-genocide society.

EDUCATION TOOL

HOW TO LEARN ABOUT SREBRENICA




Gallery 11/07/95, Culture of Remembrance

The first Memorial gallery in Bosnia and Herzegovina - exhibition place aiming to preserve the memory on Srebrenica tragedy and 8372 persons who tragically lost their lives during the genocide.
www.galerija110795.ba/en/

The least we can do is learn from what had happened in Srebrenica, and transmit that knowledge to future generations.
- Tarik Samarah, the founder of the memorial Gallery.

DEFINING GENOCIDE


The term "genocide" did not exist before 1944. It is a very specific term, referring to violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group.

The process of genocide consists of a series of events which unfold according to a specific pattern with identifiable phases, and features a characteristic internal logic. The process of genocide progresses from its beginning through a structured course to its end. First, it must define a target group (these victims are usually chosen solely on the basis that they belong to a specific group or category) and designate them for persecution or destruction. Second, the property of the members of that group must be expropriated. Third, the group must be concentrated in a single area. Fourth, the group must be deported. Finally, a significant number of the group must be killed. Although in reality these phases may unfold rapidly one after another, depending on the circumstances, it has been observed that the first phases of the process of persecution can occur in full view of the public, while later phases are shrouded in most cases secrecy.
- Ton Zwaan "On the Etiology and Genesis of Genocides and Mass Crimes Targeting Specific Groups"

Genocide Studies provide a resource for examining basic moral issues, and a structured inquiry into human behavior. Thinking about these events can help Learners to develop an awareness of the value of pluralism and encourages acceptance of diversity in a pluralistic society.

EDUCATION PACK

SCHOOL OF KNOWLEDGE

SREBRENICA MAPPING GENOCIDE
AND POST-GENOCIDE SOCIETY

PUBLIC LECTURE

Was held on 28 May 2015, Sarajevo BiH
Location: Gallery 11/07/95



Genocide Studies provide a resource for examining basic moral issues, and a structured inquiry into human behavior. Thematic lectures and opening of dialogue strengthens reflection and builds awareness about the values of pluralism, encouraging acceptance of diversity in multinational and multicultural societies.

The Public Lecture is focused on 12 aspects of the Srebrenica genocide in the format of video lectures:

Srebrenica - Mapping genocide

Dr Janja Bec-Neumann

Sociologist, genocide researcher, author and lecturer

Historical context: The Fall of Yugoslavia

Sonja Biserko

President of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in Serbia

Reconstruction: Establishing the facts about the executions

Jean-René Ruez

Chief Superintendant at the French National Police, former head of the Hague Tribunal investigative team for Srebrenica

Prelude to genocide

Dr Robert Donia

historian

The International Community and Srebrenica

Florence Hartmann

author and independent researcher

The role of the UN

Hasan Nuhanovic, MA

expert researcher, Srebrenica survivor

Intent and denial

Dr Edina Becirevic

University of Sarajevo

Punishment and justice: ICTY (International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia)

Richard Goldstone

the first chief prosecutor of the Hague Tribunal

The post-genocide society

Dr Janja Bec Neumann

sociologist, genocide researcher, writer and lecturer

Denial and blocked societies

Dr Daniel Feierstein

director of the Genocide Studies Centre in Argentina

The banality of indifference

Dr Yair Auron

genocide-studies expert, lecturer

How to learn about Srebrenica

Dr Dubravka Stojanovic

historian

Revision of history and denial

Dr Branka Prpa

historian

PUBLIC LECTURES


FACTS & FIGURES



ICTY Remembers: The Srebrenica Genocide (1995-2015)

[infographic]

United Nations – International Criminal Tribunal
for the former Yugoslavia


Srebrenica Figures
as of 18 June 2015

[infographic]

ICMP – International Commission on Missing Persons

SOURCES


The following sources and documents are reviewed, selected and used in the project:

ICTY: International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague
UN: Kofi Annan, UN General Secretary Reports, according to the General Assembly Resolution 53/55 – Fall of Srebrenica, November 15, 1999
REPORT: Tadeusz Mazowiecki: Mass and individual liquidations of civilians, August 22, 1995
THE NETHERLANDS: NIOD Report: Srebrenica. Reconstruction, background, consequences and analysis of the fall of the safe zone (The Netherlands Government investigation on the massacre, April 2002)
RS REPORT: Commission for investigation of the events in and around Srebrenica during the period 10-19 of July 1995, Republika Srpska, Banja Luka, June 2004
Helsinki Human Rights Committee: Serbia (Archive and publication “Srebrenica from denial to confession” edited by - Sonja Biserko)
SENSE Tribunal (special project of regular monitoring of ICTY work and ICJ and ICC activities
Richard Butler: Statement on military events in Srebrenica: Operation ”Krivaja 95”
ICTY TV: The Hague Tribunal decision on Radoslav Krstić; Confessions of the massacre perpetrators Dragan Obrenović, Momir Nikolić, Dražen Erdemović
Ton Zwaan: “On the Etiology and Genesis of Genocide and Other Mass Crimes Targeting Specific. Groups”
FAMA: Archives collection
ICTY TV: Trials broadcast
MEDIA: BBC, New York Times, Washington Post, Radio France International, Oslobođenje, Liberation, Newsweek, Reuters, Guardian, Time, Associated Press, and the World Press Photo
DOCUMENTARIES: Sense Tribunal “Beyond Reasonable doubt” directed by Mina Vidaković (Special thanks to the Agency Sense Tribunal for the video material), BBC “A cry from the grave directed by Leslie Woodhead , Roy Gutman; “Safe Haven: The United Nations and the Betrayal of Srebrenica”, directed by Han Ziv
BOOKS: Chuck Sudetic “Blood and Vengeance”, Mark Danner ”The Killing Fields of Bosnia”, Samantha Power “A Problem from Hell: America and the Age of Genocide”, Tarik Samarah “Srebrenica”, Emir Suljagić “Postcards from the Grave”
ARTICLES, ESSAYS: Julia Bogoeva “The Morbid Perfection of Crime”, Latinka Perović “Duboki muk –još uvek” (Still, deep stillness), Jean Rene Rues, Interview: “Srebrenica is more than a tragedy”

PRODUCED BY



FAMA Methodology

FAMA Collection/Methodology brings home the human scale of events, places and experiences of 91-99 period of collapse in former Yugoslavia, by communicating Collective Memory with Human Touch, standing for justice, education, knowledge, respects for human values, humanity, against ignorance, violence, war crimes, nationalism and terrorism. Using FAMA Methodology it would be easy to overlook the simplicity of the truth - which is clear when you consider only the facts.
www.famacollection.org


Gallery 11/07/95, Culture of Remembrance

The first Memorial gallery in Bosnia and Herzegovina - exhibition place aiming to preserve the memory on Srebrenica tragedy and 8372 persons who tragically lost their lives during the genocide.
www.galerija110795.ba/en/

SPECIAL THANKS

SUPPORTED BY

This project has been supported by the UK Government.
The views expressed do not necessarily represent the views of the UK Government.